The bundle of nerves carrying impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body is known as the spinal cord.
A sudden blow or impact that fractures, dislocates or crushes the series of small bones (generally known as a vertebrae) forming the backbone stems leads to the traumatic spinal injury. Moreover improper body mechanics and aging may also be the reasons for spinal injuries. These may also be a result of penetration of a knife or a gunshot that cuts the spinal cord and causes bleeding and fluid accumulation in and around the spine. A spinal cord injury may also be non traumatic that may be due to cancer, inflammation, disk degeneration, arthritis or some infections. Apart from the acts of violence, accidents and sports injuries alcohol has also been reported as the cause of spinal injury in 1 out of every 4 injuries.
Most of the spinal injuries don’t usually require the surgery but the following conditions, if they are painful and progressive may require a person to see a spinal orthopedic surgeon.
Scoliosis: a curvature of the spine.
Kyphosis: a humpback deformity.
Spondylolisthesis: a forward slippage of the segment of the spine.
Degenerative disk disease: pain due to normal wear and tear of disk.
Radiculopathy: an irritation or inflammation of a nerve due to herniated disk.
An orthopedic surgeon can treat the certain disorders that stem from the nervous system and most of them work only in trauma conditions. It is advisable to firstly schedule an appointment with your regular doctor who can refer you to an orthopedic surgeon or specialist after analyzing your problem.
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